How to grow shellfish?
Oyster mushroom is one of the best quality edible and high yield edible fungi that is cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions and can be grown at high temperatures.
The most common breeding areas for shellfish are Europe, the US and Southeast Asia. The fungus grows well on materials such as sawdust, scrap paper, soybean meal, decaying wood, and other lignocellulosic materials. The age of the fungus is determined by the shape of the cap, so that when the fungus is young, the cap looks like a fan, but as the fungus ages, the fungus becomes clustered.
Shellfish cultivation methods
In this article, we are going to briefly outline the different methods of growing shellfish . There are generally three ways to cultivate this fungus:
2- Growing shellfish in plastic bags
In this method, the fungus is cultured in plastic bags. In such a way that the litter, which is the straw and straw, is put into the bag and the mushroom seeds are put into the bag from the bottle to the straw. In this method, the straw is first soaked and waterlogged and boiled for half an hour in boiling water. This has three major advantages:
- If there is a straw or weed seed in the straw, it will lose its germ due to heat and, therefore, if it reaches the seedbed in the water bed when the mushroom is grown, it will not germinate.
- Due to the heat given to the straw, any contamination and pathogens will be eliminated.
- Another advantage of boiling straw before cultivation is that the straw is hard and the mycelium of the fungus can not penetrate well and they are damaged as a result of boiling, this softening material and a good substrate for growing mushrooms. Shells are provided.
Shrimp mushroom growing in wooden boxes
This method was first invented in America. For this purpose, the plastic is first spread inside the boxes. Cultivation in these boxes is in the form of a substrate and a layer of mushroom seed. When the box is full, they close the lid of the box and pull the plastic on it.
When the mycelia have grown enough, they remove the nylon bag from the box or allow it to grow or hang on the floor. But the disadvantage of this method is that it is very likely to be contaminated.
2- Planting in plastic baskets
This method of cultivation is similar to the method of cultivation in wooden boxes, with both less contamination and longer life of plastic boxes.
2. Stack cultivation method
In this way, the cultivation is done on the ground or on the platform in a stack. This is an old method where the contamination is highly probable and the soil is laid out on the ground with a substrate that is layered with a seedbed and a subsequent seed layer. Eventually, they pull a stack of plastic around the stack to prevent water from evaporating, and when the mushroom organs appear, they remove the plastic.
2- Planting on a shelf or metal mesh
This method of cultivation is similar to the cultivation of a button mushroom, which is first to shelve the site with metal pipes and then spread over a lattice and placed on the bed. Upon completion of cultivation, the substrate is also stripped of plastic to prevent evaporation.
In this method, place a metal or perforated plastic pipe as the central axis and place the bags around it. In this way, as there are holes in the pipe, the air flow will be better, resulting in more production and utilization. The bags do not come out of the tube until the bed is white.
2. Planting on tree stumps
In this method, invented in Hungary, he first chooses the appropriate cuttings and then digs a hole in the ground that is about 1–2 cm longer than the cuttings. For the cultivation, first the bottom of the pit is sown with a little seed, then the seed is placed on it, and then the top part of the seed is sown, and then the seed is covered with foliage and laid in the last layer of soil.
Cultivation should be in spring or early fall. Irrigation depends on the temperature during this time and should be 2–3 times. In mid-autumn they remove the carcasses and place them in the pools under which water passes under them and the fungus begins to grow. As the air cools, the fungus begins to grow and can then be harvested. The atmosphere must be clear but away from direct light and wind.
Injection of fungal strands on the stumps
This method is similar to the previous method, except that in the laboratory, first the mycelium is cultivated on 2 x 2 cm pieces of wood, and then for the transfer to the stumps, they first pierce the stumps to the same size to cut the pieces. Put it in the end and the carcasses are kept in the proper place to produce the mushrooms.
Source: Mushroom Data